photo Stencil dyeing


In stencil dyeing (kataezome or katazome), first a stencil is created by laying a pattern over shibugami (a durable washi paper treated with tannin) and the design is cut into the paper. The resulting stencil is used to apply paste resist to create a repeating pattern that can then be dyed.
The crisp edges created by the stencils and intricate repeating patterns are central to the appeal of stencil dyed fabrics.


  • 1.An outline of the design is drawn and copied onto tracing paper.
  • 2.The tracing paper is attached to a sheet of shibugami and the design is cut to make a stencil.
  • 3.The stencil is placed on top of fabric that has been mounted to a board and paste resist is applied through the stencil.
  • 4.Color is applied with a small brush to the areas with no paste. Once the color has dried, the finished fabric is washed.
  • Reference: Nihon Kōgeikai Higashi Nihon Shibu (Japan Kōgei Association Eastern Branch), ed., Dentō kōgei-tte nani? – miru, shiru, tanoshimu gaido bukku (What Are Traditional Crafts? –A Guidebook to Seeing, Learning, and Enjoying). Unsodo, 2013.